Adolescence Health Issues And Preventive Care (Part 1)

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Introduction

Risk behaviours are voluntary actions that threaten  to harm an individual’s mental or physical health, or increase the likelihood of illness, injury or premature death. The CDC has identified six categories of risk behaviour in today’s adolescents. These are:

  • Behaviour resulting from intentional and unintentional injuries.
  • Tobacco use.
  • Alcohol and other drug use
  • Sexual behaviours that result in human immunodeficiency virus(HIV), and other sexually transmitted diseases(STD), and unintended pregnancy.
  • Dietary patterns that contribute to disease
  • Insufficient physical activity.

 

How often does a teenager need to be seen by their doctor?

Teens and younger school going children, like adults, should visit their doctor once a year for full mental and physical exam. If a chronic medical condition exists or if signs or symptoms of an illness or disease are present, more frequent visits may be needed.

 

What are the most common health related concerns of teens and how can the teens best safeguard their health?

Issues involving weight, body image, prevention and disease, puberty and sexual development are typical concerns of this age group. Sports injuries are also common. Actions to keep you healthy should be discussed with the doctor.

  • Do regular exercise.
  • Eat a healthy diet, including adequate calcium (4 dairy a day, or 1200-1500 mg of calcium daily).
  • Do not smoke or use any tobacco or smokeless tobacco product. Avoid inhaling second-hand smoke.
  • Use all safety and  protective devices designed for the activity in which you are engaged. For example, use seat belts while driving, helmets while riding bikes, and protective sports equipment while participating in sports.
  • Never drink and drive and never get into a vehicle with a driver who has been drinking or taking illegal drugs.
  • Tell your parents or doctor if you are having learning difficulties or problems at school.
  • Ask for help in learning how to resolve conflicts without the use of violence.
  • Avoid situations in which fighting may break out and cause you physical harm.
  • Tell your parents if you are feeling sad or thinking about harming yourself.

 

Health Concerns of the Adolescents.

Unintentional injuries resulting from

  • Automobile crash or being pedestrian victim of automobile
  • Fire
  • Careless play around water

Intentional injuries which are a result of

  • Domestic violence
  • Bullying or fighting
  • Homicide
  • Suicide
  • Tobacco: More than two-thirds of the high school seniors have tried or are using tobacco products.

 

 

430,000 people die from smoke related diseases annually.

30 percent cancer of cancer deaths is related to smoking.

 

Alcohol

On an average, students first drink alcohol between the ages of 12-13.

Nine out of 10 high school students report that they drink alcohol.

High school students consume over 1.1 billion beers annually.

35 percent of all coolers are consumed by students under 18.

Adolescence Health Issues And Preventive Care

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